Land surveying is an integral part of property development. It helps to determine terrestrial points and the distances between them. Identifying the positions makes it possible to establish different locations and establish maps. If you are planning to sell or buy a new property, you will need to hire a professional surveyor to examine the land. There are different types of land surveys, and here is a synopsis of the main types:

1.  Mortgage surveys

Commonly known as the title surveys, mortgage surveys help to confirm that there is no trespassing on the property and that the construction meets the building codes and zoning laws. Mortgage lenders, banks, and title companies often ask for mortgage surveys to determine if the property is worth financing. Mortgage surveys locate all details of the property, including trees and fences.

2.  Subdivision surveys

As the name suggests, a subdivision survey helps to divide a piece of land into smaller estates, lots, and tracts. A subdivision survey is also known as platting or partition survey, and it helps government agencies to plan lots, drainage, and streets. When you purchase a new piece of land, it is advisable to conduct a subdivision survey and take it to the zoning board for approval.

3.  Soil survey

Soil mapping or soil survey helps to identify the type of soil which lies in the land. Surveyors collect soil samples and classify them as different kinds. A soil survey is essential when you purchase a piece of land for farming purposes. The results reveal the type of soil you have in the property, and this information allows you to decide on the best crops you can grow.

4.  Topographic survey

A topographic survey collects data about the different points of the land. The main aim of a topographic study is to gather information about human-made and natural features on the ground. Land surveyors use topographic maps to grade features and show different elevations for architects, building contractors, and engineers. Surveyors can also conduct a topographic survey to create an outline for the construction of bridges, buildings, and roads. 

5.  Foundation survey

The primary purpose of foundation surveys is to locate improvements for new developments. Many local government agencies and lending corporations request this survey to ascertain that the foundation is in the right location or position.

The primary purpose of land surveying is planning. However, for faster and effective results, you need to hire a professional land surveyor. An expert will advise you on what to do once you get the survey results.